The method of Ghusl of Mayyit
556. It is obligatory to give three Ghusls to a dead body.
The first bathing should be with water mixed with "Sidr" (Beri) leaves.
The second bathing should be with water mixed with camphor, and
The third should be with unmixed water.
557. The quantity of "Sidr" leaves and camphor should neither be so much that the water becomes mixed (Mudhaaf), nor so little that it may be said that "Sidr" leaves and camphor have not been mixed in it at all.
558. If required quantity of "Sidr" leaves and camphor is not available, then as per recommended precaution, whatever quantity is available should be mixed with water.
559. If "Sidr" leaves and camphor or either of these things is not available or its use is not lawful, for example, if it has been usurped, the dead body should be given Ghusl with pure (Khalis), unmixed water instead of the Ghusl which is not possible.
560. If a person is in the state of Ihram for Hajj or Umrah, and if he or she dies in Hajj Tamattu’ before completing Saee’ and in Umrah before Taqseer (cutting hair or nails), his/her dead body should not be washed with water mixed with camphor. Instead of that, pure unmixed (Khalis) water should be used.
561. A person who gives Ghusl to a dead body should be a Shia Ithna Asheri Muslim, adult, sane, and should know the rules of Ghusl.
562. One who gives Ghusl to the dead body should perform the act with the Niyyat of Qurbat, that is, complying with the order of Allah Almighty, and for the second and third Ghusl one should do a separate Niyyat.
563. Ghusl to a Muslim child, even if it is illegitimate, is obligatory. However, the Ghusl, Kafan, Dafan of a non-Muslim and his children is not permissible. And it is obligatory to give Ghusl to someone who has been insane since childhood and has
grown up without having recovered, if his/her parents or anyone of them is Muslim. If none of the parents are Muslim, then giving Ghusl is not permissible. If a child is found in an Islamic State, and it is not known whether his/her parents are Muslim or not, that child will be considered as Muslim and it is obligatory to give Ghusl to such child.
564. If a foetus of 4 months or more is still-born, it is obligatory to give it Ghusl, and even if it has not completed four months, but it has formed features of a human child, it must be given Ghusl. In the event of both of these circumstances being absent, the foetus will be wrapped up in a cloth and buried without Ghusl.
565. It is unlawful for a man to give Ghusl to the dead body of a woman and for a woman to give Ghusl to the dead body of a man. Husband and wife can, however, give Ghusl to the dead body of each other, although the recommended precaution is that they should also avoid doing so, in normal circumstances.
566. A man can give Ghusl to the dead body of a little girl, whose age is less than three years. Similarly, a woman can give Ghusl to the dead body of a little boy, whose age is less than three years.
567. If no man is available to give Ghusl to the dead body of a man, his kinswomen who are also his Mahram, for example, mother, sister, paternal aunt and maternal aunt or those women who become his Mahram by way of suckling can give Ghusl to his dead body, provided his private parts are covered.
Similarly, if no woman is available to give Ghusl to the dead body of a woman her kinsmen who are also her Mahram or have become Mahram by suckling can give Ghusl to her dead body, provided her parts must be covered.
568. If a man gives Ghusl to the dead body of a man, or a woman to the dead body of a woman, it is better to keep the body bare, except the private parts.
569. It is Haraam to look at the private parts of a corpse and if a person giving Ghusl looks at them, he commits a sin, though the Ghusl will not be void.
570. If any part of the dead body is Najis, it is obligatory to remove the Najasat before giving Ghusl. As per recommended precaution, it is preferred that before the corpse is given Ghusl, it should be clean and free from all other Najasat.
571. Ghusl for a dead body is similar to Ghusl of Janabat. As per obligatory precaution, a corpse should not be given Ghusl by Irtimasi, that is, immersion, as
long as it is possible to give Ghusl by way of Tartibi. And even in the case of Tartibi Ghusl, there is no objection in immersing a part of the dead body in water.
572. If someone dies in the state of Hayz or Janabat it is not necessary to give him/her their respective Ghusls. The Ghusls given to the dead body will suffice.
573. It is Haraam to charge any fee for giving Ghusl to the dead. And if someone gives Ghusl with an intention of earning, then the Ghusl will be void. However, it is not unlawful to charge for the preliminary preparations before Ghusl.
574. If water is not available or there is some other valid excuse for abstaining from using water for the Ghusl, then the dead body should be given three Tayammum instead of Ghusls. As per obligatory precaution, one more Tayammum should be given to the dead instead of the three Ghusls, and if one who is giving Tayammum does a Niyyat of "Ma – fizzimmah" in the third Tayammum, which means that this Tayammum is given to absolve him of his responsibility, then the fourth Tayammum is not required.
575. A person giving Tayammum to the dead body should strike his own palms on earth and then wipe them on the face and back of the hands of the dead body. As per obligatory precaution, he should, if possible, use the hands of the dead for its Tayammum.