Rules about burial of the dead body
620. It is obligatory to bury a dead body in the ground, so deep that its smell does not come out and the beasts of prey do not dig it out, and, if there is a danger of such beasts digging it out, then the grave should be made solid with bricks, etc.
621. If it is not possible to bury a dead body in the ground, then instead of burying the dead body, it may be kept in a vault or a coffin, in such a way that the beasts could not dig it out and its smell remains inside.
622. The dead body should be laid in the grave on its right side so that the face remains towards the Qibla.
623. If a person dies on a ship and if there is no fear of the decay of the dead body and if there is no problem in retaining it for some time on the ship, it should be kept on it and buried in the ground after reaching the land. Otherwise, after giving Ghusl, Hunoot, Kafan and offering Namaz – e – Mayyit, as per precautionary measures, if possible it should be lowered into the sea in a vessel of clay or if that was not possible then it should be lowered into the sea with a weight tied to its feet. And as far as possible, it should not be lowered at a point where it is eaten up immediately by the sea predators.
624. If it is feared that an enemy may dig up the grave and exhume the dead body and amputate its ears or nose or other limbs, it should be lowered into sea, if possible, as stated in the foregoing rule.
625. The expenses of lowering the dead body into the sea, or making the grave solid on the ground can be deducted from the estate of the deceased, if necessary.
626. If a non-Muslim woman dies with a dead child, or soulless foetus in her womb, and if the father is a Muslim then the woman should be laid in the grave on her left side with her back towards Qibla, so that the face of the child is towards Qibla.
627. It is not permissible to bury a Muslim in the graveyard of the non-Muslims, nor to bury a non-Muslim in the graveyard of the Muslims.
628. It is also not permissible to bury the dead body of a Muslim at a place which is disrespectful, like places where waste and garbage is thrown.
629. It is not permissible to bury a dead body in a usurped place nor in a place like Masjid, which is dedicated for purposes other than burial.
630. It is not permissible to dig up a grave for the purpose of burying another dead body in it, unless one is sure that the grave is very old and the former body has been totally disintegrated.
631. Anything which is separated from the dead body, even if it is hair, nail or tooth, should be buried along with it. And it is Mustahab that nails and teeth cut off or extracted during lifetime are also buried.
632. If a person dies in a well and it is not possible to take him out, the well should be sealed, and the well should be treated as his grave.
633. If an infant dies in his mother's womb and it remaining in the womb is dangerous for the mother, it should be brought out in the easiest possible way. If it becomes inevitable to cut it into pieces there is no objection in doing so. It is, however, better that if the husband of the woman is skilled in surgery the dead body of the child should be taken out by him, and failing that, the job should be performed by a skilled woman.
And if that is not available, a skilled surgeon who is the Mahram (one with whom marriage cannot be contracted) of the woman should do it. And if even that is not available a skilled man who is not Mahram (one with whom marriage can be contracted) should remove the dead child. And if even such a person is not available then the dead body should be brought out by an unskilled woman.
634. If a woman dies and there is a living child in her womb, it should be brought out in the safest possible way, even if there be no hope for the child's survival. According to the persons mentioned in the foregoing rule, one should slit the left side of the mother’s body and take the child out and sew it up again, unless one is sure that it is safer to slit the right side of the body of the mother to take out the child.