Covering the body in prayers
796. While offering prayers, a man should cover his private parts even if no one is looking at him, and preference is that he should cover his body from the navel up to the knee.
797. A woman should cover her entire body while offering prayers, including her head and hair. It is not necessary for her to cover that part of her face which is washed while performing Wudhu, or the hands up to the wrists, or the upper feet up to the ankles. Nevertheless, in order to ensure that she has covered the obligatory parts of her body adequately, she should also cover a part of the sides of her face as well as lower part of her wrists and the ankles.
798. When a person offers the forgotten Sajdah or Tashahhud and as per obligatory precaution, even while offering Sajda – e – Sahv he should cover himself in the same manner as in prayers.
799. If while offering prayers, a person does not cover his private parts intentionally, or on account of not having cared to know the rule, his prayers is void.
800. If a person realizes while offering prayers, that his private parts are visible, he must immediately cover them, and as per obligatory precaution, should complete the prayer and offer the prayer all over again. However, if he learns after the completion of prayers that his private parts were visible, his prayers would be deemed valid.
801. If the dress of a person covers his private parts while he stands, but it may not cover them in another posture like in Ruku’ or Sajdah, if at the time when his private parts are not covered, he manages to conceal them by any means, his Namaz will be valid. However, as per recommended precaution, he should not pray in such dress.
802. One is allowed to cover oneself at the time of offering prayers with grass, and the leaves of the trees, however, as per recommended precaution, these should be used only when no alternative is available.
803. If a person in a state of helplessness while offering his prayers, use mud to conceal his private parts, as per obligatory precaution, he should repeat his prayer and offer it according to the ruling of someone who do not have any cover, with action and sign.
804. If a person does not have anything with which to cover himself while offering prayers, but has a hope that he may get some cover, then it is better to delay offering the prayers. However, if he does not get anything, he should offer prayers discharging his obligation at the end bit of the time.
805. If a person who intends offering prayers does not have anything, not even leaves, or grass, or mud to cover himself, or could not find even a pit in which he could pray and if he has no hope of acquiring any of them, if there is a possibility that someone is watching him, then he should offer his prayers while sitting and should bow down for performing Ruku’ and Sajdah to such an extent that his private parts do not get revealed, and for Sajdah, he should bow down slightly more than Ruku’ and should lift the Mohr (Sajdagaah) to perform his Sajdah and place his forehead on it. And if he is certain that there is no one watching him, as per precautionary measures, he should offer two prayers while standing, and while he is standing he should cover his frontal private part with his hands, and in one of the two prayers he should perform Ruku’ and Sajdahs, and in other prayer he should perform Ruku’ and Sajdah by signs. If there is a pit where he can offer his prayers while standing, then he can offer his prayers freely.