رسول الله صلى الله علیه و آله :شَعبانُ شَهری و رَمَضانُ شَهرُ اللّهِ فَمَن صامَ شَهری كُنتُ لَهُ شَفیعا یَومَ القِیامَةِ پیامبر صلى الله علیه و آله :شعبان ، ماه من و رمضان ماه خداوند است . هر كه ماه مرا روزه بدارد ، در روز قیامت شفیع او خواهم... بیشتر
سه شنبه: 1401/05/25

Method of offering Namaz – e – Ihtiyat

 

1224. A person, for whom it is obligatory to offer Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, should make its Niyyat immediately after the Salam of prayers, and pronounce Takbir and recite Surah Al - Hamd and then perform Ruku’ and two Sajdah. Now, if he has to perform only one Rak’at of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, he should recite Tashahhud and Salam of the prayers after two Sajdah.
If it is obligatory for him to perform 2 Rak’ats of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, he should perform, after the 2 Sajdah, another Rak’at like the first one, and then complete with Tashahhud and Salam.

1225. Namaz – e – Ihtiyat does not have other Surah and Qunoot, and this prayer should be offered silently; its Niyyat should not be uttered by tongue and as per obligatory precaution, its 'Bismillah' should also be pronounced silently.

1226. If a person realizes before starting Namaz – e – Ihtiyat that the prayer which he had offered was correct, he need not offer it, and if he realizes this during Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, he need not complete it.

1227. If a person becomes certain before starting Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, that the prayers which he had offered had lesser Rak’ats, and if he has still not performed an act which would invalidate prayers, he should complete those parts of the prayers which he had not performed, and should also perform 2 Sajdah - e - Sahw for the extra Salam. And if he has performed an act which invalidates prayers, for example, if he has turned away from Qibla, he should repeat the prayers.

1228. If a person realizes after Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, that the deficiency in his original prayers was equal to the Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, like, if he offers 1 Rak’at of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in the case of doubt about 3 and 4 Rak’ats, and it transpires later that he had actually offered 3 Rak’ats in the original prayers, his prayers will be in order.

1229. If a person learns after Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, that the deficiency in his original prayers was lesser than the Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, like, if he offers 2 Rak’ats of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat for the doubt about 2 and 4 Rak’ats, and learns later that he had actually offered 3 Rak’ats, if he has still not performed an act which would invalidate prayers,

 

he should complete those parts of the prayers which he had not performed, and he should also repeat his original prayers, so that he becomes certain that he has performed his duty.

1230. If a person learns after Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, that the deficiency in his original prayers was more than Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, like, if he offers 1 Rak’at of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat for the doubt between 3 and 4 Rak’ats, and learns later that he actually offered 2 Rak’ats only, if he has performed any act, which invalidates the prayers like, if he turns away from Qibla, he should offer the prayers again. And if he has not performed an act which invalidates prayers, as per obligatory precaution, he should complete those parts of the prayers which were deficient i.e. 2 Rak’ats and should also repeat the prayers.

1231. If a person had a doubt as to whether it was his second, third or fourth Rak’at, and remembers after offering 2 Rak’ats of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in standing position, that he had actually offered 2 Rak’ats of his original prayers, it will not be necessary for him to offer 2 Rak’ats of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in the sitting position.

1232. If a person had a doubt whether it was his third or fourth Rak’at, and remembers while he was offering 2 Rak’ats Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in the sitting position or was offering 1 Rak’at of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in the standing position, that he had actually offered 3 Rak’ats in the original prayers, he should abandon Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, and as per obligatory precaution, he should complete 1Rak’at as an addendum, and should repeat the prayer.

1233. If a person had a doubt about second, third and fourth Rak’ats, and while he was offering 2 Rak’ats of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in the standing position, he remembered before the Ruku’ of the second Rak’at that he had actually offered 3 Rak’ats, he should abandon Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, and as per obligatory precaution, he should complete 1Rak’at as an addendum, and should repeat the prayer.

1234. If a person realizes during Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, that the deficiency in his prayers was more or less than his Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, he should abandon the Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, and as per obligatory precaution, he should complete the remaining prayers, and should repeat the prayer. For example, if a person had a doubt whether it was his third or fourth Rak’at, and remembers while he was offering 2 Rak’ats Namaz – e – Ihtiyat in the sitting position, he remembers that he actually offered 2 Rak’ats of his original prayers, he should abandon Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, and as per obligatory precaution, he should complete 2 Rak’ats as an addendum, and should repeat the prayer.

 

1235. If a person doubts whether or not he offered Namaz – e – Ihtiyat which was obligatory on him, and if the time of prayers has lapsed, he should ignore the doubt. And if he has time at his disposal, and if much time has not elapsed between the doubt and the prayers, and has not started doing something else or has not left the place of praying, or he has also not performed an act invalidating the prayers, like turning away from Qibla, he should offer Namaz – e – Ihtiyat. But if he has started doing something or has performed an act which invalidates the prayers, or if a good deal of time has elapsed between the prayers and the doubt, he should, as an obligatory precaution, offer Namaz – e – Ihtiyat and pray again.

1236. If a person increases a Rukn in Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, or if he prays 2 Rak’ats instead of 1, his Namaz – e – Ihtiyat will be void, and he will have to offer the Namaz – e – Ihtiyat and original Namaz again.

1237. If, during Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, a person doubts about any one of its acts, and if its stage has not passed, he should perform it. And if its stage has passed, he should ignore the doubt. For example, if he doubts whether or not he has recited Surah Al – Hamd, and if he has not yet gone into Ruku’, he should recite Surah Al – Hamd, and if he has gone into Ruku’, he should ignore his doubt.

1238. When a person doubts about the number of Rak’ats in Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, if he finds that by deciding on the higher side, Namaz – e – Ihtiyat will be void, he should decide on the lesser. But if he finds that deciding on the higher side would not invalidate Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, then he should decide on the higher side, and in both cases after the completion of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, as per precautionary measures, one should offer his original Namaz again. For example, if a person, who is offering 2 Rak’ats of Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, doubts whether he has offered 2 or 3 Rak’ats, since taking it on the higher side will invalidate the prayers, he should decide that it is second Rak’at. And if he doubts whether he has offered 1 or 2 Rak’ats, then since taking it on the higher side will not invalidate the prayers, he should consider that he has offered 2 Rak’ats, and should offer his original Namaz again.

1239. If an act which is not a Rukn, is omitted or added forgetfully in Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, if it is among those acts which makes Sajdah - e – Sahw obligatory in obligatory prayers, as per obligatory precaution, one should also offer 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw after Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, and if is not among those acts, then it will not be necessary to perform Sajdah - e - Sahw for it.

 

1240. If the person offering Namaz – e – Ihtiyat doubts after Salam, whether or not he has performed one of the parts or conditions of the prayers, he should ignore his doubt.

1241. If a person forgets Tashahhud or one Sajdah in Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, as per obligatory precaution, he should perform the Qadha for it after the Salam of the prayers.

1242. If a man has an obligation to perform Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, Qadha of a Sajdah or a Tashahhud or two Sajdah - e - Sahw, he should first offer Namaz – e – Ihtiyat.

1243. In Namaz, probability or strong feeling is as good as certainty. For example, if in a prayer of 4 Rak’ats, he strongly feels that he has offered 4 Rak’ats, he should not offer Namaz – e – Ihtiyat, and if he feels that probably he has performed Ruku’, then he should not perform the Ruku’. And if he thinks that he has not recited Surah Al – Hamd, and has not yet entered in Ruku’, he should recite the Surah Al – Hamd.

1244. There is no difference between the rules of doubt, forgetting, and probability or strong feeling, regardless of it occurring in the daily obligatory prayers or other Wajib Namaz. For example, if one doubts in Namaz of Ayaat, whether he has performed 1 Rak’at or 2, his Namaz will be void because it is a doubt which has occurred in a Namaz consisting of 2 Rak’ats.

 

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نويسنده:

کليد واژه:

Islamic Laws (Taudheeh Al-Masail)