Namaz – e – Ayaat
1500. Namaz – e – Ayaat whose methods will be explained later, becomes obligatory due the following four things:
The prayer becomes Wajib even if the moon or the sun are partially eclipsed, and even if they do not engender any fear.
1501. If several events which make Namaz – e – Ayaat obligatory occur together, one should offer Namaz – e – Ayaat for each of them. For example, if solar eclipse as well as an earthquake take place, one should offer separate Namaz – e – Ayaat for each of these two occurrences.
1502. If a number of Qadha Namaz – e – Ayaat is obligatory on a person, irrespective of whether they have become obligatory due to one and the same thing, like, solar eclipse occurring three times, and he has not offered its Namaz – e – Ayaat, when he wants to offer it Qadha, it is not necessary to specify for which of the time he is offering it. Similarly, if a number of Qadha Namaz – e – Ayaat is obligatory upon a person, due to different events like thunder and lightning, red and black cyclone and other celestial phenomena. However, if Namaz – e – Ayaat becomes obligatory due to solar eclipse, lunar eclipse and earthquake, or for two of these things, while
offering Qadha prayers, if he specifies the event for which he is offering the prayer, he has acted according to the precaution.
1503. Offering of Namaz – e – Ayaat is obligatory for the residents of only that town in which the event takes place. It is not obligatory for the people of other towns. However, if the other town is so close that they are consider as one, Namaz – e – Ayaat will become obligatory upon them too.
1504. The time of Namaz – e – Ayaat sets in as the eclipse starts, and one can offer his prayers, and he should not delay till the eclipse comes to an end, rather, it is better not to delay till the reversal of eclipse commences.
1505. If a person delays offering of Namaz – e – Ayaat till the sun or the moon starts coming out of eclipse, the Niyyat of Ada (i.e. praying within time) will be in order, but if he offers the prayers after the eclipse is over, he should make a Niyyat of Qadha.
1506. If the duration of solar or lunar eclipse allows time for one or less Rak’at, Namaz – e – Ayaat can be offered with the Niyyat of Ada. Similarly, if a person has enough duration of eclipse at his disposal, but he delays till the time to offer one Rak’at remains before the eclipse is over, he will pray with the Niyyat of Ada (i.e. within time). However, if the person do not have enough duration of eclipse at his disposal, that he cannot even offer one Rak’at, he should not make the intention of Ada or Qadha, instead he should offer the Namaz with the intention of complying with the order of Allah Almighty.
1507. When earthquake, thunder, lightning and other similar events take place, a person should offer Namaz – e – Ayaat immediately, not allowing undue delay. If he does not offer it, he has committed sin, and will be obligatory upon him till the end of his life, and whenever he offers it, it will be considered as Ada.
1508. If a person did not know about the sun or the moon eclipse, and came to know after the eclipse was over, he should give its Qadha if it was a total eclipse. And if he comes to know that the eclipse was partial, Qadha will not be obligatory.
1509. If certain people say that the sun or the moon has been eclipsed, but a person hearing that is not satisfied with what they say, and consequently does not offer Namaz – e – Ayaat, if it transpires later that what they said was true, the person should offer Namaz – e – Ayaat if it was a total eclipse, even if it was a partial eclipse, as per recommended precaution, he should offer Namaz – e – Ayaat. The same rule
applies if two persons whom he does not consider ‘Aadil, say that the sun or the moon has been eclipsed and it transpires later that they are ‘Aadil.
1510. If a person is satisfied with the statement of persons who know the time of solar or lunar eclipse according to scientific calculation, he should pray Namaz – e – Ayaat. Also, if they inform him that the sun or moon will be eclipsed at a particular time, and give him the duration of the eclipse, he should accept their words and act accordingly, provided he is fully satisfied with them. Like, if they say that at so and so time the eclipse will come to an end, then he should not delay his prayers more than that time.
1511. If a person realizes that Namaz – e – Ayaat offered by him was void, he should offer it again. And if the time has passed, he should offer its Qadha.
1512. If Namaz – e – Ayaat becomes obligatory on a person at the time of daily prayers, and if he has enough time at his disposal for both, he can offer any of them first. If the time for one of them is short, he should offer that prayers first, and if the time for both of them is short, he should offer the daily prayers first.
1513. If a person realizes during the daily prayers that the time for Namaz – e – Ayaat is short, and if the time for daily prayers is also short, he should complete the daily prayers and then offer Namaz – e – Ayaat. But if the time for daily prayers is not short, he should break that prayers and first offer Namaz – e – Ayaat and then offer the daily prayers.
1514. If a person realizes while offering Namaz – e – Ayaat, that the time for daily prayers is short, he should leave Namaz – e – Ayaat and start offering the daily prayers. After completing the daily prayers, and before performing any act which invalidates the prayers, he should start Namaz – e – Ayaat from where he left.
1515. Namaz – e – Ayaat is not obligatory on a woman who is in her menses or Nifas, however, once they are Pak, as per recommended precaution, she should offer its Qadha. In case of solar and lunar eclipse, as per precautionary measures, she should not make Niyyat as Qadha or Ada, but in other than those two, she should make a Niyyat of Ada.