Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers
1525. Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers are obligatory during the time of Imam (peace be upon him), and it is necessary to offer them in congregation. However, during the present times when the Holy Imam is in Occultation, these prayers are Mustahab, and may be offered individually as well as in congregation. However, as per precautionary measures, it should be offered in congregation, with the intention of Raja’.
1526. The time for Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers is from sunrise till Zuhr.
1527. It is Mustahab that Eid ul Azha prayers is offered after sunrise. As for Eid ul Fitr, it is Mustahab that one should have a breakfast after sunrise, pay Zakatul Fitr and then offer Eid prayers.
1528. Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers has two Rak’ats. In the first Rak’at, a person should recite Surah Al – Hamd and a Surah and then they say five Takbirs, and after every Takbir he should recite Qunoot. After the fifth Qunoot, he should say another Takbir and then perform Ruku’ and two Sajdah. He should then stand up and say four Takbirs in the second Rak’at, and recite Qunoot after every one of these Takbirs. Thereafter, he should say the fifth Takbir and then perform Ruku’ and two Sajdah. After the second Sajdah he should recite Tashahhud, and then complete the prayers with Salam.
1529. Any Zikr or Dua will suffice in Qunoot of the Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers. However, it is better that the following Dua is recited:
Allahumma Ahlal Kibriya'i Wal 'Azamah, wa Ahlal Judi Wal Jaburat, wa Ahlal 'Afwi War Rahmah, Wa Ahlat Taqwa Wal Maghfirah.
As Aluka Bihaqqi Hazal Yawmil Lazi Ja'altahu Lil Muslimina 'Ida , Wali Mohammadin Sallallahu 'Alaihi wa Aalihi, Zukhran wa Sharafan wa Karamatan wa Mazida An Tusalliya 'Ala Mohammadin wa Aali Mohammad wa An Tudkhilani fi Kulli Khayrin Adkhalta Fihi Mohammadan wa Aala Mohammad wa An Tukhrijani Min Kulli Su'in Akhrajta Minhu Mohammadan wa Aala Mohammad Salawatuka 'Alahi wa 'Alahim. Alla Humma Inni as Aluka Khayra Ma Sa’alaka Bihi ‘Ibadukas Salihun, wa ‘Auzubika Mim Masta‘aza Minhu ‘Ibadukal Mukhlasun.
1530. During the period of Occultation of Imam (may Allah hasten his reappearance), it is Mustahab that two sermons (Khutbas) be delivered after Eid prayers, and it is better that on Eid ul Fitr, the sermons should explain rules regarding Zakatul Fitr, and on Eid ul Azha, rules regarding sacrificing the animals be explained.
1531. No particular Surah has been specified for Eid prayers. But, it is better that after reciting Surah Al – Hamd in the first Rak’at, Surah Ash – Shams (Surah 91) be recited and in the second Rak’at Surah Al – Ghashiya (Surah 88). Or in the first Rak’at, to recite Surah Al – A’alaa (Surah 87), and in the second Rak’at Surah Ash – Shams (Surah 91).
1532. It is recommended that Eid prayers be performed in the open fields. However, in Makkah, it is Mustahab that it should be offered in Masjid Al – Haraam.
1533. It is Mustahab to walk barefooted to attend Eid prayers, with all the dignity, and to do Ghusl before Namaz, and to place a white turban on one’s head.
1534. It is Mustahab that in Eid prayers Sajdah be performed on earth, and hands be raised while saying Takbirs. It is also Mustahab that a person who is offering Eid prayers alone, or as an Imam of the congregation, recites prayers loudly.
1535. It is Mustahab that the following Takbirs be said on Eid ul Fitr night (i.e. night preceding the Eid day), after Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers, and on Eid day after Fajr prayers, as well as after Eid ul Fitr prayers, even after the Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers of the Eid day: “Allahu Akbar, Alllahu Akbar, la ilaha illallahu Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa Lillahil Hamd, Allahu Akbar ‘Ala Ma Hadana”.
1536. In Eid ul Azha, it is Mustahab that the above mentioned Takbirs be said after ten prayers, of which the first is the Zuhr prayers of Eid day and the last is the Fajr of 12th Dhul Hijja. It is also Mustahab that after the above mentioned Takbirs, the following be recited: “Allahu Akbar ‘Ala ma Razaqana Min Bahimatil Ana'am, Wal Hamdu Lillahi ‘Ala Ma Ablana”. If, a person happens to be in Mina on the day of Eid ul Azha, it is Mustahab that he should say these Takbirs after fifteen prayers, of which the first is Zuhr prayers of Eid day, and the last is the Fajr prayers of the 13th of Dhul Hijja.
1537. As per recommended precaution, women should avoid going to offer Eid prayers. However, this precaution does not apply to elderly women.
1538. Like in all other prayers, the follower (Ma’mum) should recite everything in the Eid prayers, except Surah Al – Hamd and the other Surah.
1539. If a follower joins the prayers at a time when the Imam has already said some Takbirs, he should, while the Imam performs Ruku’, say all the Takbirs and Qunoot which he has missed, and it will be sufficient if in each Qunoot he says: only one Subhanallah or Alhamdu Lillah.
1540. If a person joins the Eid prayers when the Imam is in Ruku’, and if he can say all his Takbirs and Qunoot even with one Subhanallah, and then join the Imam in Ruku’, his prayers is in order, otherwise, as per precautionary measures, one should not join Imam in Ruku’.
1541. If a person forgets one Sajdah or Tashahhud in Eid prayers, as per precautionary measures, he should perform it after the prayers. Similarly, if something takes place for which a Sajdah – e – Sahw would be necessary, as per precautionary measures, he should offer two Sajdah – e – Sahw after the prayers.