دوشنبه: 1403/04/25

Hunting with a retriever (hunting dog)


2618. If a retriever hunts a wild animal or a domestic animal turned wild, whose meat is Halal to eat, the following six conditions should be fulfilled for its being Pak and Halal:

1. The dog should be trained in such a way that when commanded to catch the prey, it goes and when restrained from going, it stops.
And it is necessary that it should have a habit of not eating anything of the prey till its master arrives. However, if it accidentally eats a bit of the prey before the master arrives, there is no objection.
2. It should have been directed by its master. If it hunts of its own accord and preys upon an animal, it is Haraam to eat the meat of that animal. In fact, if it follows a prey of its own accord, and later its master calls out to encourage it to reach the prey faster, even if it may quicken its pace because of its master’s cry, as per obligatory precaution, eating the meat of that prey should be avoided.
3. The person who sends the dog for hunt should be a Muslim, or a Muslim child who can distinguish between good and evil. If a non – Muslim, or someone who displays his enmity with the holy household of Prophet (peace be upon Him) sends the dog, the prey of the dog will be classified as Haraam.
4. The hunter should utter the name of Allah at the time of sending the dog. If he purposely does not utter the name of Allah, the prey is Haraam. But if he forgets to utter the name of Allah there is no harm in it.


5. The prey should die as a result of the wound inflicted by the dog’s teeth. Therefore, if the dog suffocates the prey to death, or the prey dies because of running or fear, it is not Halal.
6. The hunter who sends the dog should reach the spot when the animal is dead, or if it is alive, there should not be enough time to slaughter it. But if he reaches there when there is enough time to slaughter it, yet he does not slaughter it, allowing it to die itself, the prey is not Halal.

2619. When a person who sends the dog reaches the prey when he can slaughter the animal, but the animal dies while he is preparing for the slaughter, like, the delay in taking out the knife, the animal is Halal. However, if he does not have anything with which he can slaughter the animal, and it dies, as per obligatory precaution, eating the meat of that prey should be avoided.

2620. If a person sends several dogs, and they jointly hunt an animal, and if all of them fulfill the conditions mentioned in rule 2618, the prey is Halal, but if any one of them does not fulfill those conditions, the prey is Haraam.

2621. If a person sends a dog for hunting an animal and that dog hunts another animal, the prey is Halal and Pak, and if it hunts another animal along with that animal (which it was sent to hunt), both of them are Halal and Pak.

2622. If several persons send a dog jointly and one of them is non – Muslim, that prey is Haraam, however, if all of them are Muslims and one of them does not utter the name of Allah intentionally, as per obligatory precaution, the prey is Haraam.

2623. If a hawk or an animal besides the hunting dog hunts an animal, the prey is not Halal. However, if a person reaches the prey when it is alive, and slaughters it in the manner prescribed by Shari’ah, it is Halal.




Monday / 15 July / 2024